Explanation of the data inspection
The central part of the Data Protection Regulation is the 99 articles. These include 173 consideration (reasons). The reasons are in the first part of the regulation. On this page we have highlighted that part. Articles of the Data Protection Regulation can be found here:
The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union have adopted this Regulation, having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 16 thereof, having regard to the proposal from the European Commission, after transmitting the draft legislative act to the national parliaments, Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee ( OJ C 229, 31.7.2012, p. 90), having regard to the opinion of the Committee of the Regions (OJ C 391, 18.12.2012, p. 127.), in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure *,
* Position of the European Parliament of 12 March 2014 (not yet published in the Official Journal) and Council position at first reading of 8 April 2016 (not yet published in the Official Journal). Position of the European Parliament of 14 April 2016.
The protection of natural persons in the processing of personal data is a fundamental right. Article 8 (1) of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (hereinafter referred to as the Charter) and Article 16 (1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provide that everyone has the right to the protection of personal data relating to him or her.
The principles and rules for the protection of individuals in the processing of their personal data should, regardless of their citizenship or residence, respect their fundamental rights and freedoms, in particular their right to the protection of personal data. The purpose of this Regulation is to contribute to the creation of an area of freedom, security and justice and an economic union, to economic and social progress, to the strengthening and convergence of economies in the internal market and to the well-being of individuals.
Directive 95/46 / EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (4) seeks to harmonize the protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and to ensure the free flow of personal data between Member States.
The processing of personal data should be designed to serve people. The right to the protection of personal data is not an absolute right; it must be understood on the basis of its task in society and weighed against other fundamental rights in accordance with the principle of proportionality. This Regulation respects all fundamental rights and observes the freedoms and principles recognized in the Charter, as provided for in the Treaties, in particular the protection of private and family life, housing and communications, protection of personal data, freedom of thought, freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of expression and information, freedom of nutrition, the right to an effective remedy and an impartial court, as well as cultural, religious and linguistic diversity.
The economic and social integration that has arisen thanks to the internal market has led to a significant increase in the cross-border flows of personal data. The exchange of personal data between public and private actors, including natural persons, associations and companies, has increased throughout the Union. National authorities in the Member States are invited by Union law to cooperate and exchange personal data in order to be able to fulfill their tasks or perform tasks for an authority located in another Member State.